Duterte declares CPP-NPA a terror group, warns financial supporters
President Rodrigo Duterte has formally declared the Communist Party of the Philippines and its armed wing, the New People’s Army, as a terrorist organization and warned financial supporters they will be treated the same if they would not stop.
Duterte recently signed a proclamation that included the CPP-NPA on the list of terrorist groups in the country pursuant to the provisions of Republic Act No. 10168, otherwise known as the Human Security Act.
The proclamation came two weeks after the Philippine government terminated its peace talks with the CPP-NPA after a series of violent attacks by the latter.
The US State Department has long considered the NPA as a terrorist group.
Presidential Spokesman Harry Roque said that under the law, affiliate revolutionary groups of the CPP-NPA would now also be considered terrorists groups, and anyone proven to be financing these groups would be held liable.
Under RA 10168, a designated person is “any person or entity designated or identified as a terrorist, as one who finances terrorism or a terrorist organization or group under the applicable United Nations Security Council resolution or by another jurisdiction or supranational jurisdiction and pursuant to the proclamation which implements the Human Security Act.”
“Take note that the domestic statute and the UN Security Council prohibits the giving of funds to terrorist organizations, this will enable law enforcement agencies to run after individuals who will, in any way, provide financial support to the NPA now that it has been described as a terrorist organization,” Roque said.
In his proclamation, Duterte ordered the Department of Foreign Affairs “to publish the foregoing designation of CPP-NPA and other designated persons, organizations, in accordance with Sections 3 and 15 of RA 10168 and its implementing rules and regulations.”
Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea has also issued a memorandum to Justice Secretary Vitaliano Aguirre II to immediately file the necessary application for the declaration of the CPP-NPA as a terrorist organization with the appropriate regional trial court (RTC).
The law provides that a proper petition must be filed by the DOJ in court to classify the CPP-NPA as a terrorist group under the Human Security Act for the group to be considered as such under domestic laws and under relevant UN Security Council resolutions.
“This is not just in relation to Philippine domestic law but also in relation to a UN Security Council resolution intended to curtail financing of terrorist organizations,” Roque said.#